Germany in Brief
Area: 357,114 sq. km. (137,846 sq. mi.); about the size of
Cities (2007): Capital--Berlin (population about 3.41
million). Other cities--Hamburg (1.77 million), Munich (1.31
million), Cologne (1 million), Frankfurt (671,000), Essen
(567,000), Dortmund (581,000), Stuttgart (602,000), Dusseldorf
(586,000), Bremen (548,000), Hanover (521,000).
Terrain: Low plain in the north; high plains, hills, and
basins in the center and east; mountainous alpine region in the
Climate: Temperate; cooler and rainier than much of the
Nationality: Noun and adjective--German(s).
Population (January 1, 2010 estimate): 82,329,758.
Population growth rate (% per annum, 2010 est.): -0.053%.
Urban population (2008): 74%.
Ethnic groups (2010): German 91.5%, Turkish 2.4%, other 6.1%
(made up largely of Greek, Italian, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian,
Spanish); Danish minority in the north, Sorbian (Slavic) minority in
Religions: Protestant 34%; Roman Catholic 34%; Muslim 3.7%;
unaffiliated or other 28.3%.
Education: Years compulsory--10; attendance--100%;
Health: Infant mortality rate (2010)--3.99/1,000; life
expectancy (2010)--women 82.42 years, men 76.26 years.
Persons employed (second quarter 2010): 40.3 million.
Type: Federal republic.
Founded: 1949 (Basic Law, i.e., Constitution, promulgated on
May 23, 1949). On October 3, 1990, the Federal Republic of Germany
and the German Democratic Republic unified in accordance with
Article 23 of the F.R.G. Basic Law.
Branches: Executive--president (titular chief of state),
chancellor (executive head of government); legislative--bicameral
parliament; judicial--independent, Federal Constitutional Court.
States in the Federal
Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse,
Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia,
Rhineland Palatinate, Saarland, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt,
Major political parties: Social Democratic Party (SPD);
Christian Democratic Union (CDU); Christian Social Union (CSU);
Alliance 90/Greens; Free Democratic Party (FDP); Left Party (LP).
Suffrage: Universal at 18.
The make-up of this website:
German is divided into 16 separate states as shown on the maps
below. Each of those states are divided in separate
administrative areas and then into smaller areas called districts (Landkreis)
We have only given all the district on this site for Bayern as most
of our time has been spent in this area.
To visit any of the states of Germany
simply click on area on the map below.